2 edition of energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight found in the catalog.
energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight
Oregon State University. Transportation Research Institute.
1978 by Dept. of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of University Research, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English
|Statement||R. D. Layton ... [et al.].|
|Series||Report - Research and Special Programs Administration ; no. DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/78/26, Report - Research and Special Programs Administration ; no. DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/78/27|
|Contributions||Layton, Robert D., United States. Dept. of Transportation. Office of University Research.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||2 v. :|
the various classes of goods vehicle changed much less and the weight limit increased substantially for 5 axle artics. For example, the maximum length of an articulated goods vehicle was m in , 13m in , 15m in , Road transport technology University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, 2. Things you need to know about this release. The UK Environmental Accounts show how the environment contributes to the economy (for example, through the extraction of raw materials), the impact that the economy has on the environment (for example, energy consumption and air emissions) and how society responds to environmental issues (for example, through taxation and expenditure on. Hydrogen is an alternative fuel that has very high energy content by weight. It’s locked up in enormous quantities in water, hydrocarbons, and other organic matter. Hydrogen can be produced from diverse, domestic resources including fossil fuels, biomass, and water electrolysis with wind, solar, or grid electricity. The environmental impact.
Energy, economic, and environmental consequences of increased vehicle size and weight. Washington: Dept. of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of University Research ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type.
Greater economic and environmental benefit would therefore be gained from an increase in vehicle dimensions than from a further increase in the weight limit.
The case for enlarging vehicles also appears to be strengthening as a result of a long term decline in the average density of road by: The interaction of vehicles and tires with various surface and structural features of roadways impact rolling resistance, hence fuel consumption of vehicles.
Efficient interaction of vehicles with the roadway provides new opportunities to reduce transportation systems environmental impacts. A roughness–speed impact (RSI) model was developed to quantify the energy and environmental impacts due to vehicle Cited by: The average weight compounding factors, to account added vehicle structural support, are for dual-fuel vehicles and for dedicated CNG vehicles.[5,8,9] Therefore, the total increase in weight of these vehicles over the weight of their gasoline-only counterparts is estimated to be Ibs.
The effect this has on the weight and range of heavy-duty vehicles depends a great deal on the application. As will be shown in Chapter 5, putting enough storage capacity on a heavy-duty vehicle for it to have equivalent range on CNG as its gasoline or diesel counterpart increases vehicle weight.
Comparison of the energy and environmental impact by integrating a H2 vehicle and an electric vehicle into a zero-energy building. Comparison of the energy and environmental impact by integrating a H.
vehicle and an electric vehicle into a zero-energy Cited by: Vehicles traveling with a full load and with an increased weight can result in economic and environmental benefits in the long term; however they may outweigh more negative than positive effects. This study evaluates the potential economic and environmental benefits available by providing renewable energy for electric vehicle charging at public electric vehicle service equipment (EVSE).
Willingness to pay (WTP) for charging an electric vehicle using renewable energy was collected through a U.S.-wide online survey of Plugin Electric Cited by: NBER Program(s):Environment and Energy Program.
The firm response to regulation is seldom as controversial as in the context of fuel economy standards, a dominant policy to reduce emissions from vehicles worldwide. It has long been argued that such standards lead to vehicle weight changes that increase accident by: 3.
Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation Final Report prepared for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, US Department of Energy Prepared by Tom Wenzel Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division.
The evidence for social and environmental factors that contribute to obesity are often underappreciated. Obesity prevalence is significantly associated with sex, racial ethnic identity, and socioeconomic status, which creates complex relationships between each of these characteristics.
Food availability remains an important factor associated with obesity that relates to differences in Cited by: 1. Possible environmental consequences of using non-local resources include the risk of oil spills as oil is transported over waterways, increased air pollution from water and land transportation of resources, and habitat loss that comes from pipeline construction and other infrastructures.
However, batteries have a considerably lower energy density than liquid fuel: When a vehicle is filled with 10 gallons of gasoline, it contains approximately kWh of energy embodied in the fuel. The vehicle weighs an additional 28 kg, and it gradually loses those that File Size: KB.
However, batteries have a considerably lower specific energy than liquid fuel: when a vehicle is filled with 10 gal (38 L) of gasoline, it contains approximately kWh of energy embodied in the fuel. The vehicle weighs an additional 28 kg, and it gradually loses that Cited by: Increased body weight was associated with increased risk of mortality and increased risk of severe injury.
The odds ratio for death was (95% CI:) for each kilogram increase in. environmental impact of BEVs and ICEVs, and both reports describe the policy implications that arise from their findings. However, UCS and NBER reach drastically different conclusions. polluting nuclear energy, but with serious environmental consequences by its spent fuels.
One may thus conclude that over 90% of electricity generated in the US in was ed actually produc by nonrenewable and environmentally unfriendly - energy sources. Nature. Electric Vehicles. Figure 3 US Electric Power Generations by Mixed Energy Sources.
It has been shown that for typical passenger vehicles, a 10% increase in vehicle mass corresponds to a % to % increase in energy usage . Neglecting mass variations negatively affects the. Impact of Electric Vehicles on energy market. there is a need to understand the effects EV might have on energy markets.
the threshold limit for economic and environmental balance is. an increased cost and weight of the vehicle, whereas under-sizing might result in higher fuel consumption and diminished value to the consumer. The difference between the open-circuit voltage (OCV) and the voltage at which a cell achieves the rated power is one of the most important factors in the design of a battery (i.e.
One study evaluated the potential impacts of four scenarios, each with unknown likelihoods. The most optimistic scenario projected a 40% decrease in total road transport energy and the most pessimistic scenario projected a % increase in total road transport energy. Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives Soren T.
Anderson, Carolyn Fischer, Ian Parry, James M. Sallee. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in September NBER Program(s):Environment and Energy Economics, Public Economics. This paper discusses fuel economy regulations in the United States and other countries.
Federal government regulations have and will continue to greatly influence and impact vehicle size/weight and development of new automotive technologies. Current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards of mpg for passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks will increase to mpg by and then rise again to mpg by Measuring the potential for automobile fuel savings in the US: The impact of obesity Article (PDF Available) in Transportation Research Part D Transport and Environment 14(1) January Helping create a more economically and environmentally sustainable energy future through research, teaching and policy engagement.
Join Our Email List. Energy Institute Blog. California’s Mystery Gasoline Surcharge Strikes Back. Febru Putting Solar in All the Wrong Places. February 3, No Nukes, Mo Problems. Janu Economic Inquiry, Vol.
49, No. 3, Julydoi: /jx. Abstract: “I find evidence of a negative association between gasoline prices and body weight using a fixed effects model with several robustness checks. I also show that increases in gas prices are associated with additional walking and a reduction in.
The use of lightweight materials (carbon-fiber reinforced plastic, wrought aluminum, etc.) in vehicle manufacture results in higher vehicle-cycle greenhouse gas emissions, but also in improved. Kelley Blue Book put the average October new car sale at $34,; National Income and Product Accounts data imply an average October price of $32, Car batteries are very strong energy consumers (a car battery could light a house for 3 days).
ByEVs will displace 8 million barrels of transport fuel per day, and add 5% to global electricity consumption, with 20% increase in cities and surging up to 50% at peak times. Which of the following would most likely have the greatest positive impact on the quality of the natural environment worldwide.
(E) Stabilization or reduction of the size of the human population The diagram above illustrates how the number of individuals in a population changed with time as a result of external stresses and resource limitations.
And this has a big impact on a vehicle’s efficiency -- reducing a vehicle’s weight by 10 percent can improve the fuel economy by 6 to 8 percent. Lightweight materials also allow cars -- particularly electric vehicles -- to carry advanced emission control systems, safety devices and electronic systems without increasing their weight.
To Boost Gas Mileage, Automakers Explore Lighter Cars. of Energy, reducing a vehicle's weight by 10 percent can improve fuel economy by 6 to 8 percent. or even increase the size Author: Climatewire.
The U.S. Department of Energy announced $27 million in funding for 9 projects in ARPA-E's GEMINA program to support next-gen nuclear technologies. View Article. Several studies suggest that the $ billion in government subsidies are encouraging the ethanol program without substantial benefits to the U.S.
economy. Large ethanol industries and a few U.S. government agencies, such as the USDA, support the production of ethanol. Corn-farmers receive minimal profits. In the U.S.
ethanol system, considerably more energy, including high-grade fossil fuel Cited by: "The data show that electric vehicles already now are cheaper and more compatible with the environment than comparable cars with a combustion engine," Olaf. When a gasoline engine is used to run a car, chemical potential energy is converted to: A.
kinetic energy only A. Environmental Science is concerned with both natural sciences and social sciences C. economics/technology D. environmental impact. ©Ricardo Inc FB - RD/ Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on Fuel Economy for Various Vehicle Architectures.
Prepared for: The Aluminum Association, Size: KB. ii Charging the Future: Challenges and Opportunities for Electric Vehicle Adoption About the Project The Environment and Natural Resources Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs is at the center of the Harvard Kennedy School’s research and outreach on.
Recycling economics are fundamentally local, since hauling and tipping fees--paid to trucking operations and processing facilities that handle waste--vary from about $24 per ton in Author: Alex Hutchinson.
Advancements in medical technology have led to an increase in the overall health of society through vaccinations, antibiotics, and other medical technologies. Some disadvantages of scientific advancements to society are the increase in carbon dioxide emissions, the increase of hazardous waste, increased urbanization, and an increase in resource.
The domestic automotive industry emerged from the recession of – (when it posted a cumulative loss of $ billion) to a record post-World War II expansion between andduring which time it earned $61 billion. Restricted Japanese competition between andbuyer preference for trucks and larger, well-equipped cars.There are numerous factors that can influence body weight.
The individual has no control over some of these factors, including developmental determinants, genetic makeup, gender, and age. Other factors that influence body weight over which the individual has potential control include level of physical activity, diet, and some environmental and social factors.
Oil prices do have an impact on the U.S. economy, but it goes two ways because of the diversity of industries. High oil prices can drive job creation and investment as it becomes economically.